What is Culture – Basic Elements of Culture and Features

Culture is a combination of education and social behaviours. In every community of the globe, culture is discussed and exercised. Culture is delivered from one era to another. 

There are some elements of culture making it a total setup. A few of them are:

  • Values
  • Beliefs
  • Language
  • Symbols
  • Cognitive elements
  • Norms


Throughout our everyday lives, all that is becoming relevant is our values. The source of values is not human, but social development as principles evolve over the history of society.

Culture is the foundation of beliefs. Culture ranges across communities and therefore values in all social circumstances are unique. Values are just what we love as well as what we believe is a wise idea and thought of an individual in our society.

Many values we learn from our ancestors, books, and family are inherited. Culture is filled with values and therefore can move from generation after generation. It is a commodity whenever a real subject gets a sense.


Almost any sector in culture has some spiritual refuge beliefs. Such values are essential for the moral gratification of necessities and desires. Muslims believe in Allah, Ganga water is holy for Hindus. 


Language is considered a collection of words and expressions that have a similar sense and are associated with a social context. Language is a communication medium and a message can be conveyed from individual to individual. The entry to culture is language. Language is the backbone of a society and the gateway to the social world.

Language is a collection of social patterns and phrases which have the same society’s general meaning. Language is a communication medium and a message can be conveyed from individual to individual.

Language varies from community to community and is spoken between generations. Language is like a mechanism by which our dynamic social interactions can be carried out. Language is, therefore, the secret to opening an individual’s social life with certain unique features.


Culture is a symbolic framework. Symbols are something used to reflect a condition explicitly and actually stand for it. Symbols mentor our actions directly. Symbols are used to explain past, present or future events.

The pile of ashes shows, for instance, that everything was burning, or the muddy street demonstrates it was raining. Bowing heads, whistling, waving the hand, are all gestures that convey a particular concept of an entity. The sign of God is BaithUllah, and we pray for it. Flag, portrait, anthem and sculptures are additional examples of symbols. Symbols are a short term to describe an entity or circumstance.

Cognitive elements

Though a person knows how and when to face an established social situation, they are cognitive elements of culture. The practical information that makes a culture is how to live, how to protect itself from disasters as well as other natural disasters, how to travel and transport. Any generation does have knowledge thoughtfully.


The rules and regulations that define the conduct of a person are norms. Norms hold an individual within society and its community. It restricts us to everything that we must and must not do. It forms our actions and offers us the correct and incorrect information. Norms can be split into:


Folkways are the people’s basic tradition. It is people’s natural and usual behaviour within a society. Folkways are approved or known behaviour approaches. These are the patterns of actions that an individual uses in his everyday life.

Mores: Mores is the Latin word meaning a customary group’s aspirations or beliefs. It’s a man’s “must” behaviour. Mores means “what ought to be and what ought not to be.” Mores are strict expectations but are trained like folkways. With the breach of mores, punishments can be both structured and unstructured.

Culture incorporates many components to make different people function in a special way. This article identifies six of the elements that, though in various forms, make sense in each culture: values, beliefs, language, symbols, cognitive elements and norms.